We investigate the general structure of Landau free energy for stabilizing a novel superconducting state with both even-frequency and odd-frequency components in the gap function. On the basis of the Luttinger-Ward functional, we elucidate an emergent mixing between different "parities" in time. The simplest case of the conventional s-wave singlet mixed with the odd-frequency triplet state under broken time-reversal symmetry is examined to demonstrate the anomalous structure of the free-energy functional. The induced odd-frequency component alters behaviors of physical quantities from those obtained by neglecting the odd-frequency component. The novel mixed state may also be relevant to strong-coupling superconductivity coexisting with ferromagnetism.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 25 5 2012|