Torelli group, Johnson Kernel, and invariants of homology spheres

Shigeyuki Morita, Takuya Sakasai, Masaaki Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the late 1980s, it was shown that the Casson invariant appears in the difference between the two filtrations of the Torelli group: the lower central series and the Johnson filtration, and its core part was identified with the secondary characteristic class d1 associated with the fact that the first MMM class vanishes on the Torelli group (however it turned out that Johnson proved the former part highly likely prior to the above, see Remark 1.1). This secondary class d1 is a rational generator of H1 .Kg I Z/Mg Š Z where Kg denotes the Johnson subgroup of the mapping class group Mg . Hain proved, as a particular case of his fundamental result, that this is the only difference in degree 2. In this paper, we prove that no other invariant than the above gives rise to new rational difference between the two filtrations up to degree 6. We apply this to determine H1 .Kg I Q/ explicitly by computing the description given by Dimca, Hain and Papadima. We also show that any finite type rational invariant of homology 3-spheres of degrees up to 6, including the second and the third Ohtsuki invariants, can be expressed by d1 and lifts of Johnson homomorphisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-410
Number of pages32
JournalQuantum Topology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Casson invariant
  • Finite type invariant
  • Homology 3-sphere
  • Johnson filtration
  • Johnson kernel
  • Lower central series
  • Ohtsuki invariant
  • Torelli group

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