Chemical investigation of the chloroform extract of heartwood of Tectona grandis L. f. led to the isolation of three new naphthoquinone derivatives, tectonaquinones A (1), B (2) and C (3), along with six known compounds: barleriaquinone-I (4), tectoquinone (5), tecomaquinone I (6), lapachol (7), obtusifolin (8) and 2-hydroxy-3-methyl anthraquinone (9). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 2 D NMR experiments. Tectonaquinone B is the first natural compound that has a hexa-cyclic dinaphthofuran-dione scaffold. Tectonaquinone C has a bicyclic acetal motif that is unusual in nature.
- Tectona grandis
- naphthoquinone dimer