Systematic Analysis Method for Nonlinear Response Tensors

Rikuto Oiwa, Hiroaki Kusunose

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We propose a systematic analysis method for identifying essential parameters in various linear and nonlinear response tensors without which they vanish. By using the Keldysh formalism and the Chebyshev polynomial expansion method, the response tensors are decomposed into the model-independent and dependent parts, in which the latter is utilized to extract the essential parameters. An application of the method is demonstrated by analyzing the nonlinear Hall effect in the ferroelectric SnTe monolayer for example. It is shown that in this example the second-neighbor hopping is essential for the nonlinear Hall effect whereas the spin-orbit coupling is unnecessary. Moreover, by analyzing terms contributing to the essential parameters in the lowest order, the appearance of the nonlinear Hall effect can be interpreted by the subsequent two processes: the orbital magneto-current effect and the linear anomalous Hall effect by the induced orbital magnetization. In this way, the present method provides a microscopic picture of responses. By combining with computational analysis, it stimulates further discoveries of anomalous responses by filling in a missing link among hidden degrees of freedom in a wide variety of materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014701
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2022


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