We used diffuse correlation spectroscopy to investigate sympathetic vasoconstriction, local vasodilation, and integration of these two responses in the skeletal muscle microvasculature of 20 healthy volunteers. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy probes were placed on the flexor carpi radialis muscle or vastus lateralis muscle, and a blood flow index was derived continuously. We measured hemodynamic responses during sympathoexcitation induced by forehead cooling, after which the effects of the increased sympathetic tone on vasodilatory responses during postocclusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) were examined. PORH was induced by releasing arterial occlusion (3 min) in an arm or leg. To increase sympathetic tone during PORH, forehead cooling was begun 60 s before the occlusion release and ended 60 s after the release. During forehead cooling, mean arterial pressure rose significantly and was sustained at an elevated level. Significant vasoconstriction and decreases in blood flow index followed by gradual blunting of the vasoconstriction also occurred. The time course of these responses is in good agreement with previous observations in animals. The acute sympathoexcitation diminished the peak vasodilation during PORH only in the vastus lateralis muscle, but it hastened the decline in vasodilation after the peak in both the flexor carpi radialis muscle and vastus lateralis muscle. Consequently, the total vasodilatory response assessed as the area of the vascular conductance during the first minute of PORH was significantly diminished in both regions. We conclude that, in humans, the integrated effects of sympathetic vasoconstriction and local vasodilation have an important role in vascular regulation and control of perfusion in the skeletal muscle microcirculation. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We used diffuse correlation spectroscopy to demonstrate that acute sympathoexcitation constrains local vasodilation in the human skeletal muscle microvasculature during postocclusive reactive hyperemia. This finding indicates that integration of sympathetic vasoconstriction and local vasodilation is importantly involved in vascular regulation and the control of perfusion of the skeletal muscle microcirculation in humans.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2018|
- Diffuse correlation spectroscopy
- Integrated circulatory regulation
- Local vasodilation
- Neural cardiovascular regulation
- Sympathetic vasoconstriction