We are studying the effects of thermal moisture swing air-cleaning method on removal of suspended particulate matter, SPM. This method continuously humidifies sample air with heating and dehumidifies it by cooling, in a channel. It was experimentally demonstrated that the thermal moisture swing method reduces SPM suspended in sample air. The experimental result showed reduction of SPM above 10 nm in particle size, and the removal ratio increased with intensifying the thermal moisture swing. The SPM removal mechanism of this method was theoretically estimated. The estimation suggests that the reasons for the SPM reduction are suction flow accompanying condensation and thermophoresis. These phenomena would transport SPM to cooling wall of the dehumidifier. Also, diffusional deposition and gravitational sedimentation would transport SPM to the wall of the channel. And, the transported particles are separated from the air with adhering on the wall. We estimated the effects of these phenomena on SPM removal using simple model and energy consumption. The estimation qualitatively agreed with the experimental result.