Novel regulator PgrR for switch control of peptidoglycan recycling in Escherichia coli

Tomohiro Shimada, Kaoru Yamazaki, Akira Ishihama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptidoglycan (PG), also designated as murein, forms a skeletal mesh within the periplasm of bacterial membrane. PG is a metabolically stable cell architecture in Escherichia coli, but under as yet ill-defined conditions, a portion of PG is degraded, of which both amino sugar and peptide moieties are either recycled or used as self-generated nutrients for cell growth. At present, the control of PG degradation remains uncharacterized. Using the Genomic SELEX screening system, we identified an uncharacterized transcription factor YcjZ is a repressor of the expression of the initial step enzymes for PG peptide degradation. Under nutrient starvation, the genes encoding the enzymes for PG peptide degradation are derepressed so as to generate amino acids but are tightly repressed at high osmotic conditions so as to maintain the rigid membrane for withstanding the turgor. Taken together, we propose to rename YcjZ as PgrR (regulator of peptide glycan recycling).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-134
Number of pages12
JournalGenes to Cells
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

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