Purpose: We used a novel diagnostic Fourier transform (FT) algorithm of the entire extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) measured by magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) to evaluate subtle deformation of bile duct lumen, indicating the malignant potential of EHBD, in patients with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBMJ) and in a comparative group of controls without PBMJ. Methods: From the workstation, the EHBD lumen was traced automatically and a 2D diagram cross section was measured at 0.5 mm-longitudinal intervals. The FT-based integrated power spectral density function value (FTPSDI) of the diameter or area (mm2 or mm4/Hz) and the phase value distribution entropy (PVDE) were also measured. Results: There were 16 patients with undilated PBMJ and 7 with dilated PBMJ. The control group comprised 10 patients with a normal bile duct, 20 with bile duct carcinoma (BDC), and 1 with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Both the diameter and area of the dilated bile ducts and the ducts with early- or advanced-stage BDC were significantly greater than those of the normal duct (p < 0.05). The undilated type of PBMJ tended to have a larger FTPSDI diameter than a normal bile duct, which had a smaller diameter than the dilated type of PBMJ or BDC. BDC had a significantly larger FTPSDI diameter (p < 0.05) and the cutoff value for accuracy was 168 mm2 Hz−1. Conclusion: The novel mathematical FTPSDI is a promising indicator of whether preventive EHBD resection is necessary for patients with PBMJ, which can be widely applied in the early diagnosis of other biliary diseases.
- Bile duct carcinoma
- Fourier transform
- Magnetic resonance cholangiography
- Preventive resection