Mechanism for slowing surface electromyography during fatiguing contraction revealed by superimposed M-wave analysis

Hiroshi Yamada, Tomohiro Kizuka, Tadashi Masuda, Takashi Yokoi, Fuminari Kaneko, Kimihiro Kaneko, Morihoko Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the mechanism for slowing surface electromyography (EMG) during fatiguing contraction using superimposed M-wave analysis. Seven healthy male subjects exerted 60% maximum voluntary contraction of isometric abductions in the left first dorsal interosseous muscle (FDI) until exhaustion. Simultaneously with voluntary contractions, the ulnar nerve was electrically stimulated at supramaximal intensity, and volitional EMG and superimposed M-waves were obtained. We examined the behavior of muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) and median frequency (MDF) for both EMG, with the following results : 1) MFCV calculated from volitional EMG of FDI was about 6 m/s during 60% MVC. 2) The waveform of voluntary EMG detected from FDI slowed in all subjects during fatiguing contraction at 60% MVC, indicating fatigue had developed in the muscle. 3) As fatigue progressed, the waveform of the superimposed M-wave tended to decrease in amplitude and increase in duration. 4) As fatigue progressed, MDF and MFCV in volitional EMG decreased significantly (p<0.01). The rate of change was larger in MDF than in MFCV (p<0.01). 5) As fatigue progressed, MDF and MFCV in the superimposed M-wave decreased significantly (p<0.01). The rate of change was larger in MDF than in MFCV (p<0.05). These results suggested that MFCV and other peripheral factors affected the slowing of volitional EMG. Elongation of the depolarization zone in muscle fiber is proposed as a peripheral factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003

Keywords

  • FDI
  • Maximum voluntary contraction
  • Median frequency
  • Muscle fiber conduction velocity

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