Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu-A spinning top-shaped rubble pile

S. Watanabe, M. Hirabayashi, N. Hirata, N. Hirata, R. Noguchi, Y. Shimaki, H. Ikeda, E. Tatsumi, M. Yoshikawa, S. Kikuchi, H. Yabuta, T. Nakamura, S. Tachibana, Y. Ishihara, T. Morota, K. Kitazato, N. Sakatani, K. Matsumoto, K. Wada, H. SenshuC. Honda, T. Michikami, H. Takeuchi, T. Kouyama, R. Honda, S. Kameda, T. Fuse, H. Miyamoto, G. Komatsu, S. Sugita, T. Okada, N. Namiki, M. Arakawa, M. Ishiguro, M. Abe, R. Gaskell, E. Palmer, O. S. Barnouin, P. Michel, A. S. French, J. W. McMahon, D. J. Scheeres, P. A. Abell, Y. Yamamoto, S. Tanaka, K. Shirai, M. Matsuoka, M. Yamada, Y. Yokota, H. Suzuki, K. Yoshioka, Y. Cho, S. Tanaka, N. Nishikawa, T. Sugiyama, H. Kikuchi, R. Hemmi, T. Yamaguchi, N. Ogawa, G. Ono, Y. Mimasu, K. Yoshikawa, T. Takahashi, Y. Takei, A. Fujii, C. Hirose, T. Iwata, M. Hayakawa, S. Hosoda, O. Mori, H. Sawada, T. Shimada, S. Soldini, H. Yano, R. Tsukizaki, M. Ozaki, Y. Iijima, K. Ogawa, M. Fujimoto, T. M. Ho, A. Moussi, R. Jaumann, J. P. Bibring, C. Krause, F. Terui, T. Saiki, S. Nakazawa, Y. Tsuda

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Abstract

The Hayabusa2 spacecraft arrived at the near-Earth carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu in 2018.We present Hayabusa2 observations of Ryugu's shape, mass, and geomorphology. Ryugu has an oblate "spinning top" shape, with a prominent circular equatorial ridge. Its bulk density, 1.19 ± 0.02 grams per cubic centimeter, indicates a high-porosity (>50%) interior. Large surface boulders suggest a rubble-pile structure. Surface slope analysis shows Ryugu's shape may have been produced from having once spun at twice the current rate. Coupled with the observed global material homogeneity, this suggests that Ryugu was reshaped by centrifugally induced deformation during a period of rapid rotation. From these remote-sensing investigations, we identified a suitable sample collection site on the equatorial ridge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-272
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6437
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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    Watanabe, S., Hirabayashi, M., Hirata, N., Hirata, N., Noguchi, R., Shimaki, Y., Ikeda, H., Tatsumi, E., Yoshikawa, M., Kikuchi, S., Yabuta, H., Nakamura, T., Tachibana, S., Ishihara, Y., Morota, T., Kitazato, K., Sakatani, N., Matsumoto, K., Wada, K., ... Tsuda, Y. (2019). Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu-A spinning top-shaped rubble pile. Science, 364(6437), 268-272. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav8032