Escherichia coli ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase and oxygeninsensitive nitroreductase are capable of functioning as ferric reductase and of driving the Fenton reaction

Kouji Takeda, Junichi Sato, Kazuyuki Goto, Takanori Fujita, Toshihiro Watanabe, Mitsuru Abo, Etsuro Yoshimura, Junichi Nakagawa, Akira Abe, Shinji Kawasaki, Youichi Niimura

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Abstract

Two free flavin-independent enzymes were purified by detecting the NAD(P)H oxidation in the presence of Fe(III)-EDTA and t-butyl hydroperoxide from E. coli. The enzyme that requires NADH or NADPH as an electron donor was a 28 kDa protein, and N-terminal sequencing revealed it to be oxygen-insensitive nitroreductase (NfnB). The second enzyme that requires NADPH as an electron donor was a 30 kDa protein, and N-terminal sequencing revealed it to be ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (Fpr). The chemical stoichiometry of the Fenton activities of both NfnB and Fpr in the presence of Fe(III)-EDTA, NAD(P)H and hydrogen peroxide was investigated. Both enzymes showed a one-electron reduction in the reaction forming hydroxyl radical from hydrogen peroxide. Also, the observed Fenton activities of both enzymes in the presence of synthetic chelate iron compounds were higher than their activities in the presence of natural chelate iron compounds. When the Fenton reaction occurs, the ferric iron must be reduced to ferrous iron. The ferric reductase activities of both NfnB and Fpr occurred with synthetic chelate iron compounds. Unlike NfnB, Fpr also showed the ferric reductase activity on an iron storage protein, ferritin, and various natural iron chelate compounds including siderophore. The Fenton and ferric reductase reactions of both NfnB and Fpr occurred in the absence of free flavin. Although the kcat/Km value of NfnB for Fe(III)-EDTA was not affected by free flavin, the kcat/Km value of Fpr for Fe(III)-EDTA was 12-times greater in the presence of free FAD than in the absence of free FAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-737
Number of pages11
JournalBioMetals
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Fenton reaction
  • Ferredoxin-NADP reductase
  • Ferric reductase
  • Flavin reductase
  • Nitroreductase

Cite this

Takeda, K., Sato, J., Goto, K., Fujita, T., Watanabe, T., Abo, M., Yoshimura, E., Nakagawa, J., Abe, A., Kawasaki, S., & Niimura, Y. (2010). Escherichia coli ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase and oxygeninsensitive nitroreductase are capable of functioning as ferric reductase and of driving the Fenton reaction. BioMetals, 23(4), 727-737. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10534-010-9339-8