In this paper, a combined numerical-experimental methodology for the identification of elastic moduli of orthotropic media is presented. Special attention is given to the laminated electrical steel sheets, which are modeled as orthotropic media with nine independent engineering elastic moduli. The elastic moduli are determined specifically for use with finite element vibration analyses. We propose a three-step methodology based on a conventional nonlinear least squares fit between measured and computed natural frequencies. The methodology consists of: (1) successive augmentations of the objective function by increasing the number of modes, (2) initial condition updates, and (3) appropriate selection of the natural frequencies based on their sensitivities on the elastic moduli. Using the results of numerical experiments, it is shown that the proposed method achieves more accurate converged solution than a conventional approach. Finally, the proposed method is applied to measured natural frequencies and mode shapes of the laminated electrical steel sheets. It is shown that the method can successfully identify the orthotropic elastic moduli that can reproduce the measured natural frequencies and frequency response functions by using finite element analyses with a reasonable accuracy.
- Electric machines
- Electrical steel sheets
- Inverse problem
- Laminated composite plates
- Parameter-dependent eigenvalue problems