Effects of NIR Reflective Film as a High Tunnel-Covering Material on Fruit Cracking and Biomass Production of Tomatoes

Hiroko Yamaura, Shinichi Furuyama, Nobuo Takano, Yuka Nakano, Keiichi Kanno, Takashi Ando, Ichiro Amasaki, Yukie Watanabe, Yasunaga Iwasaki, Masahide Isozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tomatoes require higher irradiance, although the incidence of physiological disorders in fruit increases at high temperatures. Near-infrared (800–2500 nm) (NIR) reflective materials are effective tools to suppress rising air temperatures in greenhouses. We examined the physiological and morphological changes in tomato growth and fruit quality when grown in a high tunnel covered with NIR reflective film (NR) and in another covered with polyolefin film (PO; control). There was no relationship between the fruit cracking rate and mean daytime temperature under NR. The fruit temperature at the same truss was lower and the increase in air temperature was slow under NR. Fruit dry matter (DM) content under NR was also significantly decreased. These findings suggest that the reduction in fruit cracking under NR results from a decrease in fruit DM content as a consequence of lower fruit temperature and a decrease in total DM (TDM). Total fruit yield did not differ, whereas TDM was significantly decreased under NR. This was considered to result from a lower transmitted photosynthetic photon flux density (400–700 nm) (PPFD) and LAI, and lower photosynthetic capacity in single leaves because of a decrease in both total nitrogen and chlorophyll content. We conclude that NR film reduces fruit cracking in exchange for a slight reduction in TDM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51
JournalHorticulturae
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll
  • Dry matter
  • Fruit temperature
  • Leaf nitrogen
  • Net assimilation rate (NAR)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of NIR Reflective Film as a High Tunnel-Covering Material on Fruit Cracking and Biomass Production of Tomatoes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this