DNN-based full-band speech synthesis using GMM approximation of spectral envelope

Junya Koguchi, Shinnosuke Takamichi, Masanori Morise, Hiroshi Saruwatari, Shigeki Sagayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a speech analysis-synthesis and deep neural network (DNN)-based text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis framework using Gaussian mixture model (GMM)-based approximation of full-band spectral envelopes. GMMs have excellent properties as acoustic features in statistic parametric speech synthesis. Each Gaussian function of a GMM fits the local resonance of the spectrum. The GMM retains the fine spectral envelope and achieve high controllability of the structure. However, since conventional speech analysis methods (i.e., GMM parameter estimation) have been formulated for a narrow-band speech, they degrade the quality of synthetic speech. Moreover, a DNN-based TTS synthesis method using GMM-based approximation has not been formulated in spite of its excellent expressive ability. Therefore, we employ peak-picking-based initialization for full-band speech analysis to provide better initialization for iterative estimation of the GMM parameters. We introduce not only prediction error of GMM parameters but also reconstruction error of the spectral envelopes as objective criteria for training DNN. Furthermore, we propose a method for multi-task learning based on minimizing these errors simultaneously. We also propose a post-filter based on variance scaling of the GMM for our framework to enhance synthetic speech. Experimental results from evaluating our framework indicated that 1) the initialization method of our framework outperformed the conventional one in the quality of analysis-synthesized speech; 2) introducing the reconstruction error in DNN training significantly improved the synthetic speech; 3) our variance-scaling-based post-filter further improved the synthetic speech.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2673-2681
Number of pages9
JournalIEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
VolumeE103D
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Deep neural network
  • Gaussian mixture model
  • Spectral envelope
  • Text-to-speech synthesis
  • Vocoder

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