Distribution of growth-inhibitory activity, mineral contents, and functional components in different tissue parts of Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) and availability of unusable parts

Satoru Motoki, Takumi Taguchi, Ayaka Kato, Katsuhiro Inoue, Eiji Nishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Asparagus is a popular vegetable rich in healthy functional components. However, the process of its production leaves ferns from aboveground parts and roots from underground parts as unusable parts, and this is an issue to be resolved. In our previous studies, large amounts of rutin were noted in the cladophylls and storage roots (brown and epidermis), and the protodioscin content was high in buds, in the soil-covered section of spears, and in rhizomes. This study was conducted to examine the distribution of growth-inhibitory activity and mineral contents in different parts of asparagus. Correlations, including representative functional components (rutin and protodioscin), were examined. The results suggest there are differences in growthinhibitory activity of different parts of asparagus. The growth-inhibitory activity was strong in the buds, rhizome, and absorptive and storage roots, and weak in the cladophylls and lateral branches. The percent N content of the aboveground part of asparagus was high compared with that in the aboveground part of other crops. Although the percent K content was similar to the mean of the aboveground part of other crops, it was higher than that in general green manure, suggesting the residual stems and leaves of the aboveground part of asparagus are effective green manure. In the aboveground part of asparagus, the rutin content and percent N and K content were higher, whereas growth-inhibitory activity tended to be low, suggesting that when no disease developed in the aboveground part, it can be used as an organic substance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1340-1346
Number of pages7
JournalHortScience
Volume56
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Allelopathy
  • Differences among plant parts
  • Fern
  • Open field culture
  • Rhizosphere soil bioassay method
  • Storage roots

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