Changes of abscisic acid and its metabolite during development of apple fruit

Satoru Kondo, Koichi Inoue, Masahiko Tamaki

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Free and conjugated abscisic acid (ABA) and phaseic acid (PA) concentrations in the seed and pulp of apples (Malus pumila Mill. cv. Tsugaru) and ABA metabolism in the fruit after cis-(+)-ABA application were investigated. In the seed, the levels of cis- and trans-ABA and conjugated cis- and trans-ABA showed a general increase towards harvest, except for the decrease of cis-ABA at 131 d after full bloom (DAFB) (harvest). PA levels reached a peak at 41 DAFB, then decreased until harvest. The levels of free ABA in the seed were higher than those in the pulp. In the pulp, the levels of cis-ABA increased gradually from 20 DAFB and rapidly from 111 DAFB towards harvest. The levels of trans-ABA and conjugated trans-ABA also showed similar changes to cis-ABA, i.e. increased steeply from 111 DAFB. In contrast, the level of conjugated cis-ABA was the highest at 20 DAFB, then fell rapidly until 111 DAFB and then increased again towards harvest. PA showed the highest level at 20 DAFB, then decreased gradually until 111 DAFB and then increased again towards harvest. It is therefore assumed that not only cis-ABA but also its metabolite may be associated with the ripening of apple fruit. Cis- and trans-ABA and conjugated cis- and trans-ABA concentrations in c/s-(+)-ABA treated fruit increased significantly on 11 d after ABA application (122 DAFB). However, at 20 d after cis-(+)-ABA application, only trans-ABA and conjugated trans-ABA showed higher levels than those of the untreated control, while the levels of cis-ABA and conjugated cis-ABA fell to the same levels as the untreated control. PA levels did not show significant increase on 11 and 20 d after cis-(+)-ABA application. These results suggest that cis-(+)-ABA treated exogenously to apple fruit may eventually metabolize to trans-ABA, conjugated trans-ABA and further metabolites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

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