In this study, it was attempted to estimate the flow characteristics in the vicinity of an engine inner wall from the instantaneous local heat fluxes measured using a micro-electro-mechanical systems sensor. As the sensor has three resistance temperature detectors with a size of 315 µm fabricated on a circumference with a diameter of 900 µm in rotational symmetry, it can measure local heat flux on the equivalent scale of the turbulence of in-cylinder flow. The advective velocity and turbulent eddy scale were estimated from heat flux fluctuations using a cross-correlation analysis, and these were compared with results of particle image velocimetry performed under motored operation conditions. As a result, it was found that the micro-electro-mechanical systems sensor has the potential to detect the gas side information such as the wall parallel flow velocity. Although further verification of the physical meanings of the estimated characteristics is necessary, the micro-electro-mechanical systems sensor will become a powerful tool for engine diagnostics.
- Heat flux measurement
- heat transfer
- internal combustion engine
- micro-electro-mechanical systems
- turbulent flow